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工业物联网时代来临智能制造将面对的炒股配资 安全挑战与机会

2020-05-25 17:44 媒体投稿

大牛时代平台DAODU:SUIZHERENGONGZHINENGJISHUDEJINBU,ZHINENGHUA(intelligentization)YIJINGCHENGWEI21SHIJIZUIZHONGYAODEKEJIZHUZHOU。

随着人工智能技术的进步,智能化(intelligentization)已经成为21世纪最重要的科技主轴。而智能制造主要的核心技术便是物联网技术与虚实整合系统(Cyber-Physical System,CPS),再结合大数据分析、人工智能及云計算等技术,将生产过程的每一个环节智能化,借此达到客制化的业务目标,以适应外部市场少量多样的需求。

GUOQUDEZHIZAOGAINIANSHIZHUIQIUSHENGCHANZIDONGHUA,BINGYISOP(Standard Operation Procedure)BIAOZHUNZUOYELIUCHENGDALIANGSHENGCHANGONGBANHUADECHANPIN。ERZHINENGZHIZAOGAINIANZEBURAN,WEIYINYINGXIAOFEIZUQUNDEGOUWUGUANNIANBIANDONG,KEKUAISUDIKEZHIHUASHENGCHANDEZHIZAOFANGSHIZHUJIANSHOUDAOYONGDAI,ZHEISHIGONGYE4.0DANGZHONGXIANGDANGZHONGYAODEHEXINGAINIAN。WEILAIDEZHINENGGONGCHANGJIANGBINGBUDANZHIGONGYEJISHUDETISHENG,ERSHIZHENGHELEJISHU、XIAOSHOUYIJICHANPINTIYANDENG,SHIDEZHIZAO、FANSHOU、WULIU、SHOUHOUFUWUDENGSHANGYEGAINIANLIANWEIYITI,ZUIZHONGJIANGOUCHUYIGEJUYOUGANZHIYISHIDEZHINENGSHIJIE,ER「XUQIUKEZHIHUA」JIANGSHIZHINENGZHIZAOSUOZHUIQIUDEZHUYAOMUBIAOZHIYI。

快速、客制化的生产方式是工业4.0的核心概念

除了需求客制化外,结合大数据分析的智能制造甚至可以透过巨量数据来分析出市场的走向、天气预测、原物料的数量与库存、运输的进程及瑕疵改善等,借此精准拿捏生产量或调度现有资源、减少多余成本与浪费,以此达到生产最佳化。[1]

图片1.png

快速、客制化的生产方式是工业4.0的核心概念

GONGYE4.0DELAILIN,SHIDESHIJIEGEGUOFENFENJICHUZHENGCE。GONGYEGEMINGDEFAYUANDIYINGGUOZAOZAI2008NIANBIANTICHU「GAOJIAZHIZHIZAOZHANLVE」,GULIYINGGUOBENTUQIYEZHIZAOGENGDUOSHIJIEJIDEGAOFUJIAJIAZHICHANPIN。2013NIANGENGTICHU「YINGGUOGONGYE2050NIANZHANLVE」,WEIYINGGUOZAI2050NIANYIQIANDEZHIZAOYEDAZAOYIFENFANGZHEN,QIZHONGDEHEXINGAINIANBIANYIGAODUKEZHIHUA、KUAISUXIANGYINGXIAOFEIZHEXUQIUWEIZHU。

TONGYANGCENGSHIGONGYEDAGUODEMEIGUOYEBULUORENHOU,2011NIANLIANBANGZHENGFUKAISHIQIDONG「XIANJINZHIZAOHUOBANLIANMENG」(AMP,Advanced Manufacturing Partnership)ZHENGCE,TONGYANGYESHIYINYINGJIUYOUZHIZAOYEGAINIANDEBUSHIYONGSUOTICHUDEJIHUA,GENGYU2014NIANTICHUAMP 2.0,QIANGDIAOJUTISHISHIDUICE。QIZHONGXIANJINZHIZAODEHEXINZHONGDIANZAIYU,XIWANGJIEYOUZHINENGZHIZAODAILAIDEXINSHANGYEMOSHI,SHIDESHELIYUGUOWAIDECHANGSHANGKEYIKAISHIHUILIU。TONGYANGDEGAINIANYEZAIFAGUOZHANKAI,JIUZAIDEGUOZHENGSHIFABIAOGONGYE4.0BAOGAOHOU,FAGUOZHENGFUYEFABIAOLE「GONGYEXINFAGUO」DEJIHUA,ZHUYAOMUDEYUMEIGUOXIANGSI。

CHULESHANGSHULAOPAIGONGYEQIANGGUOWAI,RIBENYETICHULEZHURU「CHANYEZHONGZHENJIHUA」、「RIBENGONGYE4.1J」、「SHEHUI5.0」DENGZHENGCE。ERZHONGGUOSHENWEI21SHIJIDEZHIZAODAGUO,ZAI2015NIANZETICHULEWEIQISHINIANDE「ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025」JIHUA。JINZHUANSIGUOZHIYIDEYINDUTONGYANGGENSHANGGONGYE4.0DECHAOLIU,JICHU「YINDUZHIZAOJIHUA」YIZHONGZHENGYINDUDEJINGSHANGHUANJINGYIJIZHIZAOCHANYEDEWENTI。[2]

智能制造伴随而来的安全问题

RANERZAIYANNIYUJIANGOUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,SUIZHEXITONGJIEGOUDEFUZADUTISHENG,炒股配资 ANQUANFENGXIANYEBANSUIERLAI。ZAIRONGHEWULIANWANG、DASHUJU、YUNJISUANJIRENGONGZHINENGDENGJISHUHOUDECHANGYU,JIANGHUIKUOZENGCHUDALIANGDEZILIAOLIUKONGJIAN,ERZHINENGZHIZAODEZHUYAOSHIXINGFANGSHI,BIANSHIYIWULIANWANGZUOWEIJIAGOUJICHU,JIANGZHIYINGYONGYUZHIZAOCHANYE,XINGCHENG「GONGYEWULIANWANG」(Industrial Internet of Things)TIXI。JINGBUJIANHOU,炒股配资 ANQUANLOUDONGDEFENBULVZIRANHUIKAISHISHANGSHENG,QIANZAIWEIXIEBIANGENGRONGYITOUGUOPOKOUYINGXIANGDAOGONGYEWULIANWANGXITONG,SHIDEZHENGTAOXITONGJIBIANJINYOUYIXIAOBUFENSHOUDAOSUNHUI,YEHUIYINGXIANGZHENGTIXITONGDEYUNZUO;RUOZAOSHOUDAOHAIKERUQIN,SHENZHIKEYITANHUANZHENGTAOSHENGCHANXITONG,ZAOCHENGPANGDADEJINESUNSHIJISHANGYUDESUNHAI。

MUQIANYUZHINENGZHIZAOXIANGGUANDEGUOJIBIAOZHUNGUIFANYOUGUOJIZIDONGHUAXUEHUI(International Society of Automation,ISA)YUGUOJIDIANGONGWEIYUANHUI(International Electrotechnical Commission,IEC)BANBUDEISA/IEC 62443XILIEBIAOZHUN,ZHENDUIGONGYEHUAZIDONGKONGZHIXITONG(Industrial Automation Control System,IACS)DEZHENGCEYULIUCHENGMIAN、XITONGANQUANMIAN、YUANJIANKAIFAMIANZHIDINGXIANGGUANGUIFANYUZHINAN。MEIGUOGUOJIABIAOZHUNJIJISHUYANJIUYUAN(National Institute of Standards and Technology,NIST)YEBANBULENIST.SP.800-82,WEISCADA(Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition)、DCS(Distributed Control System)、PLC(Programmable Logic Controller )DENGGONGYEKONGZHIXITONGJIEZHULEXIANGGUANDEANQUANZHINAN,CHULEZHEIXIANGZHIDAOSHOUCEWAI,HAIYOUZHURUNIST.IR.8200、NIST.IR.8228DENGGUIFANDOUYIFABU。EROUMENGWANGLU在线配资 ANQUANJU(European Union Agency for Cybersecurity,ENISA)YEZHENDUIWULIANWANGYUWANGLUANQUANCHUBANXUDUOXIANGGUANZHIDAOJIANYIYIJIBIAOZHUN。

工业物联网面临的炒股配资 安全问题与挑战

大牛时代平台GONGYEWULIANWANGZHUYAOZHUANZHUYUM2M(Machine to Machine)、CPS、DASHUJUYIJIJIQIXUEXIDENGJISHU,YESHIIT(Information Technology)YUOT(Operational Technology)LIANGDAJISHULINGYUZHENGHEDEKAIDUAN。RANERITYUOTBENSHENGEZIZAOYIJUYOUSHUBAIZHONGBUTONGDEXIEDINGYUBIAOZHUN,JIASHANGWULIANWANGBENSHENDEFUZATEXING,JIANGHUIZAOCHENGWANGLUANQUANDEZERENFENPEIWENTI。QIEYOUYUSHIYONGSHENGMINGZHOUQIZHONGSHEJIDALIANGLIYIXIANGGUANZHE,ZHURUYUANJIANGONGYINGSHANGKENENGJIUYOUSHUSHIJIANBUDENG,YUANJIANFENBIESHIYONGBUTONGDEGUIFANHUOBIAOZHUN,SHEBEIYOUKENENGYINFENBUZAIBUTONGDEDILIWEIZHIERSHIYONGBUTONGDEFALVYUESHU,DAOZHIGONGYEWULIANWANGCHANSHENGZAIBIAOZHUNGUIFANSHANGNANYITONGYI,ZAOCHENG「JISHUSUIPIANHUA」ZHIWENTI,ERZHEIXIEBIAOZHUNGAIRUHEJINXINGZHENGHEHUOXIEZUO,JIANGHUISHISHOUYAOMIANLINDETIAOZHAN。[4]

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对资安的认识不足会是未来工业物联网的一大挑战

大牛时代平台ZAIZHE,GONGYEWULIANWANGSHIYIXIANGXINYINGJISHU,MUQIANRENGRANZAIYANFAJICESHIJIEDUAN,ZHENDUIGUOQUYIZAIOTCHANGYUGONGZUOSHUSHINIANDEJISHURENYUANGAIRUHEJIANLIZUGOUDEGONGYEWULIANWANGXIANGGUAN炒股配资 ANQUANYISHI,YIZHUHESHIDERENYUANJIAOYUXUNLIANJIANGHUISHILINGYIXIANGZHIDEYANJIUDEKETI。

BANSUIRENYUANANQUANYISHIBUZUDEWENTI,TONGYANGYESHEJIDAOGONGSIZHIDUCENGMIAN。MUQIANRENGYOUXUDUOQIYEDUIYU在线配资 ANQUANDEYITIBUGOUZHONGSHI,WEILAIZHINENGZHIZAOJIANGOUHOUBANSUIERLAIDEFENGXIANJIANGYOUBIEYIWANG,RANERQIYEDEGAOJIEGUANLICENGDUIYU炒股配资 ANQUANDERENSHIBUZU,HUISHIWEILAIDUIGONGYEWULIANWANGDEYIDATIAOZHAN。YINWEIJINXING炒股配资 ANQUANFANGHUGONGZUOJIAONANYICHAJUESHENZHILIANGHUAQIXIAOYIZHI,QIEHAIXUTOURUXIANGDANGCHENGBEN,GUGUANLICENGRONGYIHUSHI在线配资 ANQUANZHEIXIANGYAOSU,BINGBUJIANG炒股配资 ANQUANDEZHONGYAOXINGYUJUYEWUJIAZHIDEJIANSHEBINGLIE。ZHEIYANGDEBIDUANBINGBUSHIYINGONGYE4.0DEFAZHANERCHUXIANDE,ERSHIYIGECHENJIUWENTI。

对炒股配资 安全的认识不足会是未来工业物联网的一大挑战

YISHANGWENTISHUJIANGOUJIEDUANSUOMIANLINDEKUNNAN,JIANGOUDEGUOCHENGZHONGRUGUOMEIYOUZHENDUIZHEIXIEWENTIZUOCHUSHIDANGDECUOSHI,JIANGKENENGSHIXITONGWEILAICHENGSHOUJUDADE炒股配资 ANQUANFENGXIAN。ERJIANZHICHENGSHUDEGONGYEWULIANWANGJIBIANSHIXIANPAICHULESHANGSHUKUNNAN,YEBUDAIBIAOFENGXIANJIUCIXIAOSHI。ZAIDALIANGQIEFENGFUDEZILIAOLIUBUDUANXIANGHUCHUANSHUYUNZUOZHIXIA,YIDANFASHENGZILIAOWAIXIE,YIHUOZILIAOZAODAOEYICUANGAI,BIANHUIDUIGONGYEWULIANWANGXITONGZAOCHENGBULIANGDELIANSUOFANYING。QIEZHINENGZHIZAOJIANGHUISHIXUNIYUSHITILIANGGESHIJIEZUOCHUGENGJINMIDELIANJIE,RUWULIANWANGXITONGFASHENG炒股配资 ANQUANSHIJIAN,DUIYUSHITISHIJIEDEPOHUAIYEHUIXIANGDANGXIANZHU。

YOUYUZHINENGZHIZAODEHUANJINGHUIBIANDEGENGWEIFUZADUODUAN,JIASHANGWULIANWANGXITONGBENSHENDEHULIANXING,SHIDEGONGJIMIANYEJIANGKUODAXUDUO,CHULEYIXIEFEIRENWEIDEFENGXIANWAI,HAIXUTEBIEZHUYIRENWEIZAOCHENGDEWEIXIE,QIZHONGHAIKERUQINBIANSHIYIZHONGDIANXINGDEZHUANGKUANG。BUANQUANDELIANJIEDUANKOU、JIUWEIGENGXINDEYUANJIAN、BUWANZHENGDEGENGXINJIZHIDENG,DOUHUISHIHAIKEKENENGXIASHOUDEPOKOU。YOUQICHUANTONGDEGONGYECHANGYUDUIYUGENGXINDEJIESHOUDUXIANGDANGDILUO,YINWEIYICIGENGXINSUOYINQIDETINGBAIJIANGHUIZAOCHENGQIYEKUISUN,SHIGUDUIYUGONGYEWULIANWANGLAISHUO,ANQUANDEGENGXINHUISHIYIXIANGZHONGYAODEYITI。

CIWAI,WANGLUTONGXUNGUANDAORUGUOSHUHULE炒股配资 ANQUANFANGHU,ZHURUFENSANSHIZUDUANFUWUGONGJI(Distributed Denial-of-Service attack,DDoS)、XUNXICUANGAI、QIETING、ZHIRUEYICHENGSHIDENGWANGLUGONGJIYEHUISHIHAIKEHENKENENGSHIYONGDESHOUFA,ZHEIXIEGONGJIDOUHUIZAOCHENGZICHANDEYANZHONGPOHUAIHUOSHIZILIAOWAIXIE。

CHANGYUZAIZHUANXINGDEGUOCHENGDANGZHONG,YIXIELAOJIUDESHEBEI、CHUANTONGDEGONGYEXITONGYEHUISHIYIXIANGXUYAOGUANZHUDE炒股配资 ANQUANLOUDONG,ZAIJIUYOUXITONGDEJICHUSHANGGOUJIANXINXITONGHOU,KENENGDAOZHIGUOSHIDEBAOHUCUOSHIRENGRANBEISHIYONG,YIJIJIUYOUXITONGZHONGCHUXIANDUONIANWEIBEIFAXIANDEWEIZHILOUDONG,ZHEIKENENGSHIGONGJIZHEZHAODAOYIZHONGXINDEFANGSHILAIWEIHAIXITONG。[5]

ZUIHOU,YINGYONGCHENGSHIZAIKAIFAHESHEJISHANGRUGUOMEIYIZHUANQUANKAIFADEGUANNIAN,RUANJIANSHANGDELOUDONGYEJIANGSHIHAIKERUQINXITONGDEDAMEN。ERYINGJIANSHEBEIZAISHEJIZHONGRUOMEIYOUJIANG炒股配资 ANQUANYUANSUNARU,YEHUISHIGONGJIZHERUQINDEPOKOU。CONGYISHANGZHONGZHONGSHILIKEYIDEZHI,GONGYEWULIANWANGKENENGZAOSHOUDEGONGJIMIANSHIFENGUANGFAN,QIEWULUNZAIGONGYEWULIANWANGDENAYIDUANJINXINGPOHUAIJIEKENENGTANHUANZHENGTIXITONG,ZUIHOUZAOCHENGDESUNHAISHENZHISHANGWANGJIANGNANYIGUJI。[6]

工业物联网炒股配资 安全解决方案

大牛时代平台ZHENDUIZHINENGZHIZAOWEILAIJIANGHUIMIANLINDEZHONGZHONG炒股配资 ANQUANWENTI,ZHONGZHI炒股配资 JUYOUSHENDUDE炒股配资 ANQUANWENTIJIEJUENENGLI,JUBEIGONGYEKONGZHIXITONG、LIANWANGSHEBEIJIWULIANWANGSHENTOUCESHIYU炒股配资 ANQUANYANJIUNENGLIDETUANDUI。YIYINGDEXUDUOGUOJIJIANGXIANG,BAOKUO2020 Cybersecurity Excellence Awards(WANGLUANQUANZHUOYUEJIANG)ZHONGDE6XIANGJINJIANGYU1XIANGYINJIANG、YAZHOUZUIJIA炒股配资 ANQUANGONGSIJINJIANGDENG,KAIFADE炒股配资 ANQUANCHANPINYEHUODUOGUOZHUANLIJIGUOJIRENKE。

大牛时代平台ZHONGZHI炒股配资 QUDE7GE炒股配资 ANQUANJIANCEXIANGMUDEISO 17025RENKESHIYANSHI、YAZHOUDIYIGEMEIGUOCTIASHOUQUANDE炒股配资 ANQUANSHIYANSHI,YESHIAmazon AlexaSHOUQUANDE炒股配资 ANQUANJIANCESHIYANSHI;MUQIANYIFAXIANCHAOGUO40GEQUANQIUSHOUFADEANQUANLOUDONG(CVE),QIEJUBEIWULIANWANGSHEBEI、ZHINENGDIANWANG、CHELIANWANG、QIANRUSHIXITONG、XINGDONGApp、ICSHESCADASHEBEIDE炒股配资 ANQUANJIANCEJISHU。

DUIYUGONGYEWULIANWANGYINGJIANSHEBEIKENENGHUICHUXIANDE炒股配资 ANQUANLOUDONG,ZHONGZHI炒股配资 SUOTIGONGDEJIEJUEFANGANBAOKUO:

大牛时代平台GONGKONGCHANPINHUOXITONGDERUAN、YINGJIAN炒股配资 ANQUANJIANCEFUWU,TONGSHITIGONGRUANJIANANQUANKAIFAZIXUNFUWU,XIEZHUCHANGSHANGJUBEIRUANJIANANQUANKAIFANENGLIANG,MANZUYEJIEYUKEHUDUIYURUANYINGJIANZHI炒股配资 ANQUANYAOQIU,ZHURUWANGTONGCHANPIN、XINGDONGZHUANGZHI、ANKONG、ZHINENGJIADIAN、ZHINENG线上配资 JIWULIANWANGDENGLIANWANGCHANPINJIESHIYONG。

ZIZHUYANFADECHANPIN炒股配资 ANQUANGUANLIXITONG「HERCULES SecFlow」、LOUDONGJIANCEZIDONGHUAGONGJU「HERCULES SecDevice」,ZESHITIGONGLIANWANGCHANPINYUSHEJI、KAIFA、CESHIJIBUSHUJIEDUANDEHEGUIZIDONGHUAANQUANPINGGUGONGJU,FUHEIEC 62443、OWASP TOP 10 YUCWE/SANS TOP 25 DENGANQUANYAOQIU,BINGSHIYONGYUPLC、ICS、SCADADENGZHINENGZHIZAOXIANGGUANZHIGONGKONGYUANJIAN。

YIJIIEC 62443、ISO 27001DENGGUWENZIXUNFUWUYIZHANSHIDE炒股配资 ANQUANJIEJUEFANGAN,ZHONGZHI炒股配资 YEYONGYOUWANZHENGDEHEGUIXIANGGUANFUWU,NENGXIEZHUCHANGSHANGKUAISUQUDEGUOJIBIAOZHUNZHIZHENGSHU,YIZENGJIAKEHUDEXINLAIDUJIQIYESHANGYU。LINGTIGONGZHUANYEDE炒股配资 ANQUANJIAOYUXUNLIAN,BANGZHUJISHURENYUANJIANLIYUGONGYEWULIANWANGXIANGGUANDE炒股配资 ANQUANYISHI,YIYINYINGWEILAIZHINENGZHIZAODEJIANZHIYIJIGONGYE4.0SHIDAIDELAILIN。

2020NIANJIANGHUISHIWULIANWANGJISHUQUANMIANBUJIANDEJIEDUAN。SUIZHEKEJIRIXINYUEYI,RENMENDESHENGHUOYEBIANDEYUELAIYUEBIANLI。YEYINKEJISUODAILAIDEXIAOYI,GUOQUSHUSHINIANJIANGEQIYELULIZHUIGANDIJIANG在线配资 JISHUSHENRUQUANQIUGEDALINGYU,QUEHULVEZHANGQIWENDINGYUNZUOSUOXUDACHENGDEANQUANYAOQIU,YICICIZHONGDA炒股配资 ANQUANSHIGUDEBAOFAYIJINGZHENGMING,JINKAOANZHUANGFANGHURUANJIANWUFABAOZHENGZUZHIDEANQUANYIJISHENGCHANXITONGDEYINGYUNANQUAN。

WEILAIZHINENGZHIZAODEJIANZHIJIAGOUJIANGBIXIANZAIDADUOSHUDESHENGCHANJIAGOUDOUYAOLAIDEGENGWEICUOZONGFUZA,RANERSHUINENGZAIZHOU、YINENGFUZHOU,YIMEIDIZHUIQIUCHUANGXINKEJISUODAILAIDEYINGLIHEXIAOGUO,QUEHULVEBEIHOUYINZANGDEJUDAFENGXIAN,NEIME炒股配资 ANQUANWEIXIEZHONGHUIZHONGDAOFUZHE,CHENGWEIYIKEBUDINGSHIZHADAN,YIDANCHUFA,SUNHAISHIBIGENGSHENGYIWANG,ZHINENGZHIZAOSUODAILAIDEBIYIYEJIANGHUAWEIWUYOU。

RUOZAIWEIHAIFASHENGYIQIANBIANZUOHAOWANSHANDE炒股配资 ANQUANGUANLICUOSHIJIFANGAN,QIERENYUANJUBEIZUGOUDE炒股配资 ANQUANYISHI,RUANYINGJIANSHEBEIJIEZAIKAIFASHIBIANJIANGZIANYAOSUNARUKAOLIANG,NEIMEZHIHUIZHIZAOJIANGHUISHIYIZHIMEIHAODELANTU,YEHUISHIZHIDENIWOGONGTONGNULIDEWEILAI。

Reference:

[1] CommonWealth,http://topic.cw.com.tw/2016industry4.0/article.html.

[2] ENISA,“Industry 4.0 - CybersecurityChallenges and Recommendations”,2019.05。

大牛时代平台[3] ENISA,“Good Practices for Security ofInternets of Things”,2018.11。

大牛时代平台[4] Trend Micro Inc. “The IoT Attack Surface:Threats and Security Solutions”,2019.05。https://www.trendmicro.com/vinfo/us/security/news/internet-of-things/the-iot-attack-surface-threats-and-security-solutions.