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中美全新版本“星球大战”拉开序幕,这次指向物联网

2020-06-19 09:34 物联传媒

大牛时代平台DAODU:WEILAIHULIANWANGJIANGFENWEILIANGZHONG:YIZHONGSHIMEIGUOKONGZHI,LINGYIZHONGYOUZHONGGUOKONGZHI。ZHEIGEGUANDIANCHUZICHUANGXINGONGCHANGDONGSHIZHANG,GoogleHEWEIRUANQUANQIUFUZONGCAILIKAIFU。

未来互联网将分为两种:一种是美国控制,另一种由中国控制。这个观点出自创新工场董事长,Google和微软全球副总裁李开复。

大牛时代平台CONGSHANGSHIJIMOZHIJIN20NIANLI,QUANQIUHULIANWANGDEFAZHANROUYANKEJIAN,ZAIDIANSHANG、SOUSUOYINQING、ZAIXIANSHIPIN、LVYOUHEQIYEFUWUZHEIXIEHULIANWANGLINGYU,SUISHUOCONGSHANGSHIGONGSISHIZHISHANG,MEIGUOSHILISHICHAOGUOZHONGGUODE,DANSHIGUONEIYEBUFAZIJIETIAODONG、ALIDENGYIXIECHUHAIDEQIYE。

大牛时代平台KEYISHUO,DANCONGCHUANTONGHULIANWANGDEYINGYONGHEFAZHANQUSHILAIKAN,ZHONGMEILIANGGUOZAIQUANQIUYIJINGWENZUOTOULIANGBAJIAOYI。

技术是需要迭代的,物联网将作为互联网的延伸,是互联网发展20多年后,重新定义的新态。那么物联网的基础就是人与物、物与物的“万物互联”,其中的一个重点就是通信连接技术。以华为为代表的国内5G技术目前虽然走在全球前列,但是作为5G补充的卫星互联网领域,中美两国正在拉开全新版本的“星球大战”。

“大战”拉开帷幕

BUMOUERHE,ZHONGMEILIANGGUOJINNIANZAIWEIXINGHULIANWANGDEDONGZUOSHIFENPINFAN,JIANGZHEICHANG“XINGQIUDAZHAN”DAIDAOLEZUIBAIREHUADEBUJUJIEDUAN。

与多数高端科技领域一样,国内卫星互联网的脚步与美国相比确实慢了不少。

大牛时代平台SHANGSHIJI90NIANDAI,MEIGUOYIXINGGONGSIJIUYIJINGKAISHISHEZUWEIXINGHULIANWANG,SUISHUOZUIHOUYIPOCHANGAOZHONG,DANSHITAJIEJUELEWEIXINGHULIANWANGCONG0-1DEYOUWUWENTI,DANSHIGUONEIDAOMUQIANWEIZHIHAIMEIYOUZIZHUJIANSHEHEYUNYINGDEQUANQIUWEIXINGTONGXINXITONG。

大牛时代平台CONGO3bDEDUANQICHENGGONG,DAOSpaceX、LANSEQIYUANCHENGLI,BAOKUOSHENQINGPOCHANDEOneWeb,MEIGUOCONG2000NIANZHIHOUJIUXINGQILEYIGUWEIXINGHULIANWANGDERECHAO。

SpaceXXUANBUDEWEIXINGZONGSHUJIANGHUIDADAO4425ZUO,BOYINGONGSITICHULE2956ZUOWEIXINGXINGZUOJIHUA,YAMAXUNDEProject KuiperJIHUAGUIHUALE3236KE。

MUQIANLAIKAN,ZAIMEIGUODEZHEIXIEWANJIADANGZHONG,ZUIYOUXIWANGSHIXIANZHEIXIANGDAJUDESHISpaceXDE“XINGLIAN”JIHUA。YOUQIZAIZUIJINDEYIDUANSHIJIAN,SpaceXFASHEWEIXINGSHIFENPINFAN,6YUE4RI,WANCHENGDIBACIWEIXINGFASHERENWU,6YUE13RI,WANCHENGDIJIUCIWEIXINGFASHE。JIEZHIDAOMUQIAN,XINGLIANJIHUAZONGTIZAIGUIWEIXINGYIJINGDADAO540KE,DANGZONGLIANGDADAO800KESHI,JIKESHIXIANQUANMEIDIQUJIBENFUGAI。

大牛时代平台TUPIANLAIYUAN:SpaceXGUANWANG

ZAIHUITOUKANKANGUONEI,JINNIANDEXINJIJIANHE“LIANGHUI”JIANGWEIXINGHULIANWANGTUIDAOTAIQIAN。

大牛时代平台JINNIANNIANCHU,GUOJIAFAGAIWEIMINGQUEXINJIJIANDEGAINIANFANWEI,WEIXINGHULIANWANGBEINARUQIZHONG,ZHEIYESHIGUONEISHOUCIJIANGHULIANWANGNARUXINJIJIANDEFANCHOU,KEJIANWEIXINGHULIANWANGDEZHANLVEGAODU。

TONGSHI,“LIANGHUI”QIJIAN,LEIJUNYEZAITIANFAZHANWEIXINGHULIANWANGXINJIJIAN,JIANLIZAIHAIYUJINGZHINENGWULIANWANG。LEIJUNRENWEI,JIJIANGDAOLAIDE5G+AIoT(RENGONGZHINENGWULIANWANG)DEWANWUZHINENGHULIANSHIDAI,NENGGOUWEIWOGUOZAIHAIYUJINGXITONGDENGGONGGONGFUWUTIXIDEJIANSHEGONGXIANGENGDADELILIANG。

ZAIGUONEIWEIXINGDESHIJIBUSHUSHANG,MUQIANZHENGZAITUIJINDEWEIXINGHULIANWANGJIHUAGONGYOUSIGE,FENBIESHIZHONGGUOHANGTIANDEHONGYANXINGZUO、ZHONGGUOHANGTIANKEGONGDEHONGYUNGONGCHENG、ZHONGGUODIANKEDETIANXIANGXINGZUOHEYINHEHANGTIANDEYINHEGalaxyWEIXINGXINGZUO。

TUPIANLAIYUAN:SAIDIYANJIUYUAN

不过,按照这四家企业的发展规划和进程来看,确实相比于SpaceX要落后不少。如果类比地面通信领域,中国在3G上处于跟跑状态,4G时代赶上,5G时代领跑,那么其实国内的卫星互联网相当于3G初期。

YINWEI,SHANGMIANTIDAODESIGEWEIXINGHULIANWANGGONGCHENGHAIZAISHIYANWEIXINGJIEDUANHECHUBUBUSHUZHUANGTAI。HONGYANXINGZUOXIANGMU2020NIAN7YUEJIHUAFASHELIANGKESHIYANWEIXING,HONGYUNGONGCHENG2020NIANZHIQIANFASHE4KEYEWUSHIYANXING,TIANXIANGLIANGKESHIYANWEIXINGYIYU2019NIAN6YUEFASHE,YINHEGalaxyWEIXINGXINGZUOSHOUKEWEIXINGYU2020NIAN1YUE16RIFASHESHENGKONGRUGUI。

SUOYIBULUNSHICONGFASHESHULIANGSHANGLAIKANHAISHICONGJINCHENGSHANGLAIKAN,ZHONGMEIWEIXINGHULIANWANGCHAJUXIANERYIJIAN。

在成本层面上,面临的问题也不小。根据SpaceX的数据显示,卫星制造成本已经下降到100万美元/颗,在规模化后,单颗卫星成本价格将下降至50万美元以下,而国内还处在300多万美元/颗的阶段,同时SpaceX单颗卫星发射成本仅50万美元,国内发射成本约为470万美元/颗。

大牛时代平台BUGUOKEYIKANDAODEJIJIDEYIMIANSHI,GUONEIZAIYINGYONGDUANDEBUSHUZAIZHUJIANPUKAI,YISANDAYUNYINGSHANGWEISHOUDEQIYEYEZAIBUDUANJIJITANSUO。6YUE6RI,ZHONGGUOLIANTONGYUHUAWEIQIANSHUKONGTIANDIYITIHUAZHANLVEHEZUOXIEYI,MUDEZAIYUJIANGDIGUIWEIXINGYU5GWANGLUOJINXINGRONGHE,TANSUOJIYUKONGDILIANHEDEWEIXINGWULIANWANG、WEIXINGCHELIANZUWANGDEYINGYONG。

TUPIANLAIYUAN:WANGLUO

大牛时代平台JINNIAN1YUE,ZHONGGUODIANXINDETIANTONGWEIXINGTONGXINFUWUZHENGSHISHANGYONG,WEIZHENGWUYINGJI、HAISHANGZUOYE、HANGKONGTONGXINDENGLINGYUDEKEHUTIGONGYUYIN、SHUJUTONGXINFUWU。TONGSHI,ZHONGGUOYIDONGYEWANCHENGLEWEIXINGTONGXINWANGDISHIERQIGONGCHENGDEZHAOBIAOGONGZUO,YIZENGQIANGPIANYUANDIQU4GJIZHANJIERU、YINGJITONGXINCHEDENGYEWUNENGLI。

SUIRANGUONEIZAIWEIXINGFASHE、BUSHUDENGFANGMIANCUNZAIDEWENTIHENDUO,DANSHICONGZHENGCETUIDONG,SHISHI,YIJIYINGYONGFANGMIANDENULISHIROUYANKEJIANDE,YUSHIGUONEIWEIXINGHULIANWANGZAILUSHANG。

制高点之争

大牛时代平台5GYUWEIXINGHULIANWANGSHIHUBUDEGUANXI,ZHEIYESHIWEIXINGHULIANWANGYUDIMIANTONGXINNONGQINGFEIJINGZHENGGUANXIHOU,ZAIDUXINGQIDEZHONGYAOYUANYIN。NEIME,5GSHIBINGJIABIZHENGZHIDI,NEIMEWEIXINGHULIANWANGJIUSHILINGWAIYIKUAIBINGJIAXUYAOBUSHANGDEBAODILE。

大牛时代平台WEISHENMESHUOSHIBAODI?CONGQUANQIULAIKAN,HULIANWANGFAZHANLE20DUONIAN,ZHIJINYIJIUYOUBAOKUOHAISHANG、SHAMODENG70%DEPIANPIDILIKONGJIANHE30YIRENKOUWEINENGSHIXIANHULIANWANGFUGAI,ERZHEIXIEDIQUYAOXIANGSHIXIAN5GDENGDIMIANTONGXINDEPUSHESHISHIFENKUNNANDE,DANSHIZHENSHIXUQIURENGRANCUNZAI。GENJUCIQIANSAIDIFABUDEBAIPISHULAIKAN,2019NIANQUANQIUWEIXINGHULIANCHANYEGUIMODADAO2860YIMEIYUAN。

DUIYUYEWAITANXIANZHE、HAISHANGYOUKEHEHAIYANGZUOYEZHEZHIYOUWEIXINGHULIANWANGNENGGOUBANGZHUTAMENZAITESHUDEHUANJINGXIATONGXIN。CONGSpaceXDEXINGLIANJIHUADIMIANJIZHANXUANZHIYEKEYIKANCHULAI,WEIXINGHULIANWANGDINGWEIZHENDUIDEYESHIPIANYUANDIQU,QISUOXUANDEXIAOZHENRENSHUDOUBUCHAOGUO1WANREN,SHENZHIHAIYOUJIBAIRENDEXIAOZHEN。

除了消费者使用,在物联网领域,卫星互联网作用也是不可或缺。海洋监测,或者代替价格昂贵的海底光缆这些通信设施。并且,在自然灾害来袭时,卫星互联网也可以作为物联网设备正常使用的网络保障。

随着5G的广泛应用及人工智能的发展,各种民用飞机、无人机和航天器将在天空运行和驻留,而今天以地面为主的通信网络无法为这些设备提供可靠的通信。卫星互联网则可以较方便地为这些飞行设备提供通信网络。

TUPIANLAIYUAN:WANGLUO

JIRANSHUODAOXINGQIUDAZHAN,NEIMEWEIXINGHULIANWANGDUOSHAODOUHUIHEJUNSHIZHANDIANBIAN。

大牛时代平台WEIXINGHULIANWANGZAIMOUZHONGYIYISHANGLAISHUO,KEYIBUSHIYIMENSHANGYEXIANGMU,DANKEYICHENGWEIYIZHONGJUNSHIGONGJU。LEIBIGUONEIJIJIANGWANCHENGDEBEIDOUDAOHANGXITONG,KEYISHANGYONG,YEKEYIJUNYONG。

ZAIBEIDOUDAOHANGXITONGJIANSHEZHIQIAN,GUONEIYONGDEDOUSHIMEIGUODEGPSDAOHANG,ERGPSDAOHANGCHUZHONGJIUSHIFUWUJUNSHIDE。MEIYOUZIZHUDEDAOHANGXITONG,DAQIZHANGLAI,DIRENGUANBIMOUGEQUYUDEDINGWEIFUWU,HUOZHEJINXINGGANRAO。ZAILIHAIDEFEIJI、DAODANHEHANGMUDOUSHIWUFADINGWEIDE。SUOYI,ZIZHUYANFADAOHANGXITONGSHIBIYAODE。

TUPIANLAIYUAN:WANGLUO

大牛时代平台HUASHUOHUILAI,JIUZAIJINNIAN5YUE20RI,SpaceXXINGLIANJIHUAJIUYIJINGNAXIALEDIYIGEDAKEHU,MEIGUOJUNFANG。MEIGUOLUJUNYUSpaceXZAIQIANSHULEYIXIANGXIEYI——MEIGUOLUJUNZAI3NIANNEIDUI“XINGLIAN”JINXINGCESHI,YIPINGGUQISHIFOUFUHEMEIJUNDESHUJUCHUANSHUXUQIU。

大牛时代平台BUZHISHIMEIGUOLUJUN,MEIGUOKONGJUNZAI2019NIANJIUJISpaceXBOFULE2800WANMEIYUANDEJINGFEI,YONGYUXINGLIANJINXINGJUNYONGTONGXINDECESHI。

配资公司 XINGLIANDEJUNSHIZUOYONG,ZHIQIANJUNSHIZHUANJIAYINZHUODAOJIUBIAOSHI,XINGLIANKEYISHISHIJIANGGAOJINGDUHUAMIANCHUANHUIZHIHUIBU,ZAIZUOZHANZHONG,KEYIDUIDAODANSHISHIKONGZHI,JINGZHUNDAJIMUBIAO,BINGQIEDAODANDECHENGBENYEJIANGDAFUJIANGDI。

SUOYI,WEIXINGHULIANWANGYESHIWEILAIGUOJIAANQUANBIBUKESHAODEYIBUFEN。

5GGURANZHONGYAO,DANSHIWEIXINGHULIANWANGYUZHIBINGZHONG,SHIWULIANWANG、HANGKONGHANGTIANDENGKEJIHESHANGYELINGYUDEBUKEHUOQUEDETONGXINJICHU,TONGSHIYOUBUJINJINJUXIANYUCI。

但是在卫星互联网真正到来之前,我们仍需做好地面通讯设施以及部署物联网,为了真正解决供需对接的问题,全国最大的物联网展会IOTE 2020也将同物联网行业一同持续关注这场“星球大战”的高度之争。同时在7月29日-7月31日,IOTE 2020深圳站将在深圳会展中心举行,这是一次全面了解整个物联网产业链最好的机会

活动报名

SHIBIESHANGFANGERWEIMA,LIJIBAOMINGCANHUI